Among forest products, cinnamon forest is known as a specialty tree of the tropics, a tree for
economic growth and has long become one of Vietnam’s exports. Today, over the decades,
especially since Vietnam’s renovation and opening up, the Vietnamese cinnamon tree has
become very famous around the world.
Brief about cinnamon
Cinnamon price is much higher than that of other agricultural products, and especially when
the world’s demand for cinnamon and cinnamon products is increasing, on the other hand,
cinnamon sticks became a valuable commodity due to its properties.
Depending on the new soil for essential oil, the production capacity is limited, so cinnamon sometimes has a monopoly on price. This is a huge advantage of Vietnam. Only a few countries in the world
as China, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia have favorable natural conditions for
Therefore, the price of cinnamon is very high and the efficiency of
cinnamon production is much higher than agricultural production. Vietnam cinnamon trees
have many favorable conditions for development, but the current cinnamon production
industry is too small and backward, the laborers in the cinnamon industry are mainly ethnic
There has not been a large investment, so productivity and quality are
not high, so it cannot meet the needs of the domestic and export markets. Vietnam’s
cinnamon export industry is still too small compared to its potential and only stops at raw
export, so the turnover is still very modest in the total export turnover and compared to other
agricultural and forestry products.
Find out about cinnamon and cinnamon products Scientific name is Cinnamomum Cassia.
BL belongs to the camphor family Lauraceae. The English name is Cinnamon, the common
name is the cinnamon tree, in Vietnam, our people call it with different names according to each locality such as Que Thanh, Que Quy, Que Quang, Que Yen Bai, Que Bi, and Cinnamon.
Cinnamon tree is a tree trunk, perennial, mature tree can be over 15 meters tall,
trunk diameter can reach 1.3 m. Kumquat has simple leaves that grow at or near opposite
leaves, with three veins extending to the tip of the leaf and prominently on the underside of
the leaf, lateral veins almost song, glossy green upper surface, dark green leaf underside.
Cinnamon large leaves are 18-20 cm long, small leaves are 6-8 cm long, leaves are about 1
cm long. Crows have shaped foliage, evergreen year-round, uniform trunk, colored bark and
slightly longitudinally fissured. Parts of the tree such as bark, leaves, flowers, wood, all
contain essential oils, in which the bark contains the most essential oils.
Cinnamon essential oil has a yellow color, the main element is Cinnamic Aldehyde accounting for about 70-90%.
When cinnamon trees are born until 8 or 10 years old, they flower, cinnamon flowers grow at
the top of the leaves, flowers in clusters, flowers as small as half a seed, white or yellow.
Cinnamon flowers in April and May and ripens in January and February next year. Ripe fruits
are not green, when turning purple, each fruit contains an oval of seeds, a kilogram of seeds
contains a range of 2500-3000. Cinnamon has a strong growing set, deeply rooted in the
ground, interwoven and crisscrossed with each other, because the cinnamon tree has the
ability to live well in mountainous areas.
The cinnamon tree is shady when it is small, when it
is large it needs a lot of light and when it is mature, it does not tolerate light at all. Cinnamon
essential oil has a spicy, aromatic and sweet taste, so it is very popular. Cinnamon is a plant
with special requirements for natural conditions and can be grown in certain places in the
tropics, with a lot of sunshine, lots of rain, high humidity, etc.. Cinnamon is suitable for all
types of plants. porous, breathable, with a slope of 10-200,
the plant likes cool with an average temperature of 20-250 C. Therefore, only a few countries in the world have favorable conditions for cinnamon to grow like Vietnam. South, China, Indonesia, India, Sri
Lanka, Japan. But in these places cinnamon can only grow in certain areas, so split cassia
has long become a specialty of some tropical regions.
Cinnamon forest Yen Bai province – Vietnam
It took us more than 6 hours climbing the mountain on motorbikes to reach the forest with
the largest cinnamon production in Yen Bai. This land has many advantages for growing
cinnamon trees such as: High mountains, 300-700m altitude, annual average temperature of
about 22.7 degrees Celsius, heavy rainfall, high humidity. There are places where the rainfall
is up to 3200mm, the humidity is 84%.
As a result, this place becomes the cinnamon growing area with the largest planting area
and cinnamon bark output in the country. Particularly, the output of 4 districts of Van Yen,
Van Chan, Van Ban and Tran Yen can account for 68% of the cinnamon growing area of the
whole Yen Bai province.
Thanks to the planting of forest cinnamon, people’s lives were previously difficult, but now
they have been gradually improved, the quality of life has been improved in all aspects,
people no longer worry about hunger and poverty but do business. This is the future of
Vietnam’s mountainous economic development.